Power exercises for elderly – part 2
The effects of aging that interest physiotherapists are those that primarily occur in the muscle tissue, but also in the nervous tissue, the bone and the cardiovascular system.
Whether an elderly can meet their daily activities depends on three factors. The first is muscle, the second are joints, tendons, synovial sacs and the third neural control.
Each element must therefore operate as well as possible e.g. muscles have sufficient force, but they can work together. For example muscles are unable to contract properly if they do not get proper instructions from the central nervous system (CNS), but neither the CNS can give correct commands if previously is not informed quickly and accurately from the muscles, ligaments and synovial pockets for the joint position (proprioception and kinesthesia).
The latter have specific receptors that are activated by changing the position of the joints and send the stimulus in the CNS. Proper operation is therefore a key factor in proper control of the body.
Strength exercises, then, are very important factors of slowing the negative effects of aging. With these is reduced the rate of loss of bone mass that the elderly be less likely than osteoporotic fractures. Muscle mass is maintained as well as the strength and endurance by improving cellular functions of muscle and improve proprioception and kinesthesia.
These two elements are very important to prevent falls and reduce injuries, improve the quality of articular cartilage, intervertebral disc, tendons and ligaments. These data because of poor vascularization they feed from the synovial fluid by means of motion. The pressure and depressurization caused by exercise pushes the synovial fluid which contains nutrients in and out of these tissues, which hold in this manner nutrients.
The results of the exercises with resistances are dramatically improving function.
…this article is provided by www.tiptonhomecare.co.uk